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Part Ten - Photographs

Ma Rainey

Ma Rainey
(1886-1939)
“Mother of the Blues” Photo Courtesy of Red Hot Jazz Archives

Mamie Smith

Mamie Smith
(1883-1939)
First singer to record the blues
Photo Courtesy of Red Hot Jazz Archives

Blind Lemon Jefferson

Blind Lemon Jefferson
(1897-1930)
First male to record the blues
Photo Courtesy of Eyeneer Music Archives

Sam 'Lightnin" Hopkins
(1912-1982)
First to record many blues albums Photo Courtesy of Texas Music Museum

Big Joe Turner

Big Joe Turner
(1911-1985)
“Boss of the Blues” Photo Courtesy of Kansas City Public Library

Alberta Hunter

Alberta Hunter
(1895-1984)
First to perform blues in Europe
Photo Courtesy of Columbia Records

John Lee Hooker

John Lee Hooker
(1917-2001)
First bluesman to sing with an English rock band Photo Courtesy of Rollingstone.com, Photo by Allana Haradyn

James Reese Europe
(1881-1919)
First to introduce jazz to France
Photo Courtesy of Mainspring Press

Eubie Blake

Eubie Blake
(1883-1983)
First to compose music for Broadway Photo Courtesy of University of Baltimore

James Price Johnson

James Price Johnson
(1891-1955)
First to record a jazz piano solo
Photo Courtesy of Red Hot Jazz Archives

Edward “Kid” Ory

Edward “Kid” Ory
(1886-1973)
First jazz band to record

Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong
(1898-1971)
First trumpet soloist
Photo Courtesy of IOKTS Archives

Valaida Snow

Valaida Snow
(1903-1956)
“Queen of the Trumpet”
Photo Courtesy of Frank Driggs Collections

Cora “Lovie” Austin

Cora “Lovie” Austin
(1887-1972)
First woman to lead a jazz band
Photo Courtesy of Red Hot Jazz Archives

Thomas Green Bethune

Thomas Green Bethune
(1849-1909)
First pianist to gain worldwide fame Photo Courtesy of TwainQuotes.com

William Grant Still

William Grant Still
(1895-1978)
First to conduct a major symphony Photo Courtesy of IOKTS Archives

Florence Price

Florence Price
(1887-1953)
First woman to compose a symphony Photo Courtesy of Rich Topp

Harry Burleigh

Harry Burleigh
(1866-1949)
First arranger of the Negro spirituals Photo Courtesy of IOKTS Archives

Roland Hayes

Roland Hayes
(1887-1976)
First to sing with major symphony orchestra Photo Courtesy of Library of Congress

Catarina Jarbaro

Catarina Jarbaro
(1898-1986)
First to perform with a European opera company
Photo Courtesy of IOKTS Archives

Todd Duncan

Todd Duncan
(1903-1998)
First to sing with a major opera company Photo Courtesy of Associated Press

Charles Albert Tindley

Charles Albert Tindley
(1851-1933)
First gospel publisher and composer Photo Courtesy of African-American Registry

Thomas Dorsey

Thomas Dorsey
(1899-1993)
“Father of Gospel Music”
Photo Courtesy of Frank Driggs Collection

Sister Rosetta Tharpe

Sister Rosetta Tharpe
(1915-1973)
First gospel singer to record on a major label Photo Courtesy of Lloyd Yearwood/ Lea Gilmore

Sallie Martin

Sallie Martin
(1895-1988)
Created the first all female gospel group Photo Courtesy of Kathryn Dorsey & Family

Clara Ward

Clara Ward
(1924-1973)
First gospel group to perform at Carnegie Hall Photo Courtesy of Lloyd Yearwood/ Lea Gilmore

James Cleveland

James Cleveland
(1932-1991)
“Crown Prince of Gospel”
Photo Courtesy of Gospel Music Workshop of America

Part Eleven>>>